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Saturday 24 August 2019
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Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

The Clinical Neuropsychology Service is able to accept referrals for patients with a TBI during their inpatient treatment at the Neuroscience Centre for the purposes of assessing cognitive functioning or advising with the management of emotional or behavioural difficulties.


After leaving the Neuroscience Centre people with a TBI are referred to the Clinical Neuropsychology Service for an outpatient follow-up. The purpose of this is to assess for ongoing cognitive or emotional difficulties and to provide cognitive rehabilitation or psychological therapy when appropriate.


Patients who have not been admitted to the Neuroscience Centre can also be referred to the Clinical Neuropsychology Service by their General Practitioner or other treating clinician.


Information for Patients with TBI 

What is a traumatic brain injury (TBI)?
  • A ‘Traumatic Brain Injury’ (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by a physical force, such as a blow to the head or sudden high speed movement (e.g. a fall, road traffic accident, or assault).
  • In the early stages of recovery after a TBI people will often be very confused and are unable to remember what has happened or where they are. This is called being in ‘Post Traumatic Amnesia’ (PTA). PTA can last for hours, days, or sometimes longer.
  • PTA generally improves with time. Although, people may continue to have some problems with memory, concentration or other thinking skills (sometimes called cognitive abilities).
  • It is also common to experience difficulties with anxiety or low mood following a TBI.
  • Following a TBI people often report headaches and sleep problems, in particular they may find that they tire very easily, even the simplest task can leave a person feeling exhausted, this is referred to as fatigue.


What help is available?
  • Following a TBI and after discharge from hospital, you are advised to see your GP for follow-up.
  • If you have been admitted to the Greater Manchester Neuroscience Centre you can expect to be referred for routine follow-up by neuropsychology on discharge.


Why is Neuropsychology helpful after a TBI?

  • Neuropsychology can identify and help you to understand difficulties that you are experiencing as a result of the injury. 
  • Neuropsychology can provide advice and support, as well as cognitive rehabilitation and psychological therapy to help with cognitive or emotional difficulties arising due to a TBI.


Referral Criteria for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)


For information on the referral criteria for the Traumatic Brain Injury Service, please click here.